Longmen Ancient Town is situated in northwestern Zhejiang province,Fuyang City. Longmen - or "Dragon's Gate - town is famed for its rich culture and history that stretches back more than 1,000 years. Fifty-two km from Hangzhou, it is listed as a first-level scenic region for its tourism route along the Fuchun River, Xin'an River and Thousand-Island Lake.Longmen Town which is the homeland of Sun Quan,the founder of the Eastern Wu Kingdom in the Three Kingdoms Period (220-280), 90 percent out of the town's 2,600 residents are descendants of Sun, the youngest of which are the 58th generation of his progeny. The Suns all still live near each other today
The 2-sq-km ancient town was named by hermit Yan Zilin during the Eastern Han Dynasty (25-220). Yan marveled at the town, giving a verse claiming that its mountains were superior to the dragon's gate at Luliang in Shanxi province.Over 90% of its people are surnamed Sun.In the shadow of a lush mountain and near a slow-moving river in southeast China sits this village, whose name means Dragon Gate.Longmen Ancient Town has pretty much everything a tourist could want in a small town:cobblestone streets, narrow lanes, old buildings, ancient temples and a way of life that seems unchanged from centuries ago.
Also, it is the homeland of Sun Quan, who was the emperor of Wu during the Three Kingdom Period.It is a modern tourist attraction ranked as an AAAA level national scenic spot.
According to tradition, the Suns of Longmen are descendants of the third century warlord Sun Quan, who became emperor of the Three Kingdoms state of Wu. Sun Quan himself is said to have been born a short distance from Longmen, on an islet in the Fuchun River. A 1939 genealogy traces their lineage continuously back twenty six generations to a Song Dynasty official. In the past, the Suns of Longmen were divided into ten sub-lineages and held joint grand ceremonies honouring their ancestors every spring and autumn, but this practice stopped after 1949.
Fifty years ago there were some sixty heritage buildings in Longmen, and about half of those are still standing today. Among them are ancestral halls, homes, pagodas and memorial arches - most of which have a history of over three hundred years. These structures are good examples of classical southern architecture and feature intricate wood carvings from Zhejiang folklore. The favourite decorative motifs used are from Three Kingdoms stories popular since the Song Dynasty. ` The local theatrical performances, called the "Bamboo Horse Dance" are unique for their portrayal of Sun Quan as a hero. In traditional Three Kingdoms folklore, Sun Quan is normally seen as an ambivalent and often frustrated leader who is time and again bested by Liu Bei and his cunning strategist Zhuge Liang. At Longmen, the favourite plays are "Burning Red Cliffs", showing Sun Quan's defeat of Cao Cao at the Battle of Red Cliffs and "Burning the Linked Encampments", showing Sun Quan's defeat of Liu Bei at the Battle of Yiling.
Curiously, the great revolutionary statesman Sun Yat-sen, born in southern Guangdong province, can trace his ancestry to Longmen. His ancestors moved from Zhejiang to Fujian and then finally to Guangdong. The Sun clan genealogy in his native Cuiheng bears the title "Genealogical Register of the Sun Clan of Fuchun".
Longmen Ancient Town is well-known as the hometown of the famous warlord Sun Quan. He was the emperor of the Three Kingdoms state of Wu (184–280) and a main character in Romance of the Three Kingdoms – one of the Four Great Classical Novels of Chinese literature. And in the town, about 90 per cent of the inhabitants are surnamed Sun who are said to be the descendants of Sun Quan.
Ancient architectural complex
Many of the buildings in the town were built more than 300 years ago.Longmen Creek crosses with Shanxi River, which is in the north side of Longmen Ancient Town, in T shape and together they flow through the town. The peaks and ridges around encircle a large area of green fields.
Taking the defensive radial streets and lanes as the framework, Longmen Ancient Town is developed into a mazy dwelling settlement centered in ancestral temples and halls. All these exquisite folk houses, halls, ancient towers, ancient bridges, memorial arches and temples with high value have made Longmen Ancient Town a rare ancient town in mountainous area that possesses the most well-preserved ancient architectural complex of Ming & Qing Dynasty in South China. This ancient town with unspoiled and unique customs has been listed as a national 4A level scenic area by China National Tourism Administration.
Bamboo Horse Dance
The local theatrical performances, called the "Bamboo Horse Dance" are unique for their portrayal of Sun Quán as a hero. In traditional Three Kingdoms folklore, Sun Quán is normally seen as an ambivalent and often frustrated leader who is time and again bested by Liu Bei and his cunning strategist Zhuge Liang. At Longmen, the favorite plays are "Burning Red Cliffs", showing Sun Quan's defeat of Cao Cao at the Battle of Red Cliffs and "Burning the Linked Encampments", showing Sun Quan's defeat of Liu Bei at the Battle of Yiling.
Admission Fee:80 RMB
Telephone:+86 571 63507877
Address:Fuyang District, Hangzhou City
1.From Hangzhou: Take Bus No. 514 that goes to Fuyang. Get off at the last stop, take a taxi to Longmen, or take the taxi to Fuyang West Bus Station and then take a coach to Longmen.
2.From Shanghai: Take Shanghai-Hangzhou Expressway – Hangzhou Raocheng Expressway – G320 – Zhongbu Exit – No. 19 Provincial Expressway – Longmen Ancient Town. Or, take a coach from Shanghai to Fuyang, and then a coach from Fuyang to Longmen.
Duration：6 - 8 Hours
Attractions(Cities)：The hangzhou Westlake(including a boat cruise), Fish Viewing at the Flower Pond, Guo Garden, Drangon Well Tea Plantation, Bamboo lined path at Yunqi, Qinghefang Ancient Street
Tour Style：Accompanied by your private knowledgeable guide over 5+ years guiding experience and skillful driver over 10+ years driving experience, explore the best of Hangzhou on a full-day tour. Take a boat ride on West Lake to stay away from the crowds. the placid waters of which have been immortalized throughout history in literature and poetry. Experience a Chinese tea ceremony at Longjing Green Tea Plantation; walk through the Bamboo lined path at Yunqi to fully experience the serenity and beautiful nature of Hangzhou.
Duration：6 - 8 Hours
Attractions(Cities)：The hangzhou Westlake(including the boat cruise), Fish Viewing at the Flower Pond, Lingyin Temple and Meijiawu Tea Plantation, Anmanfayun Village, The Song Dynasty Imperial Street
Tour Style：This comprehensive Skip-The-Line full day tour of Hangzhou is perfect for you. Take a boat ride around the UNESCO-listed West Lake, view elegant landscapes at Fish Viewing at Flower Park, visit the secluded Zen monastery of Lingyin Temple, sip tea at Meijiawu Tea Vollage and stroll Song Dynasty Imperial Street. This guided tour lets you skip those queues and head straight into each scenic spot, which make your trip hassel-free and time well spent.
Attractions(Cities)：The hangzhou Westlake(including a boat cruise), Lingyin Temple, Meijiawu Tea Plantation, Qinghefang Street, Impression WestLake Show
Tour Style：Discover the famous Paradise City Hangzhou on a fully customized sightseeing day trip from Shanghai by bullet train. Accompanied by your private guide, stroll around Flower Harbor Park and take a relaxing boat on the West Lake. Visit the famous Lingyin temple; See the traditional Meijiawu tea mountain; wonder along the old Hefang Street and enjoy the magnificent Impression Westlake show. Local lunch and dinner, tea tasting at Meijiawu, round trip bullet train tickets, private guide and private vehicle service are inclusive.
Attractions(Cities)：West Lake(Private rowing boat cruise), Guo's Villa, Lingyin Temple, Meijiawu Tea Plantation, Cheng Huang Pavilion
Tour Style：10-hour tour in Hangzhou is precious. Join this handpicked skip-the-line tour with door to door service so you can see all the top sites around UNESCO Site West lake without the long lines, skip the entrance line on scenic spots. The bullet train makes Hangzhou easy reach from Shanghai, choose first class seat to upgrade your journey to ensure a comfortable trip.
Duration：2 Days, 1 Night
Attractions(Cities)：The West Lake(including boat cruise on the lake),Guo Garden,China National Tea Museum,Dragon Well Tea Plantation (Meijiawu Tea Village),Leifeng Pagoda,The Song Dynasty Imperial Street,Six Harmonies pagoda, Fish Viewing Flower Pond,Lingyin Temple, etc
Tour Style：As one of seven ancient capitals in China, the rich history and the splendid culture endow Hangzhou with profoundness. Come with us to discover Hangzhou top attractions. You'll enjoy boat ride on West Lake (Landmark of Hangzhou), Guo Garden, Leifeng Pagoda, etc. On the second day, explore Lingyin Temple, Longjing Tea Plantation (Best Green Tea & China national tea), Bamboo Forest & Ancient street. Take your VIP seat for the Impression West Lake Show.
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