Xidi village is a typical Chinese traditional village. It is located at the southern foot of Huangshan Mountain and the south of Yixian basin, 19 kilometers away from Hongcun village. Xidi village was built in the Northern Song Dynasty, developed in the middle of Ming Dynasty and flourished in the early Qing Dynasty.
The village space is flexible, and the architectural color is simple and elegant, which is a typical representative of Chinese Huizhou architecture art. Xidi village has profound cultural heritage, including two national intangible cultural heritages, namely, Huizhou three carving and Huizhou traditional residential building construction techniques.
Xidi village is a boat shaped village surrounded by mountains, and two streams pass through the village. The main framework of the village is a vertical street and two roads along the tributary of Xin'an River, which forms a village street system mainly in the East and extends to the South and North.
All streets and alleys are paved with green stone in Yixian County. The ancient buildings are mostly wood structure and brick wall maintenance. The wood carving, stone carving and brick carving are rich and colorful. The design and layout of roadway and building are coordinated.
Xidi village has more than 300 residential buildings in Ming and Qing Dynasties, of which 124 are well preserved. These ancient dwellings are unique in style and are known as "Museum of folk houses in Ming and Qing Dynasties of China". The ancient dwellings in Xidi village have rich body shapes and simple and elegant architectural colors. Its external shape contour proportion is harmonious, generally is the green tile, the white wall. The setting of "Horse head wall" (commonly known as "sealing fire wall", originally for fire prevention) is another feature of Xidi ancient dwellings, which breaks the monotony of general walls and increases the aesthetic feeling of buildings.
Xidi village is well preserved. The residential buildings of Ming and Qing Dynasties are Huizhou style buildings, dotted with brick, wood and stone carvings. The main scenic spots include Hu Wenguang archway, Zhuimu Hall, Jingai hall, Zouma building, Kuanggu Hall, Ruiyu Pavillion, Dujing hall, Taoli Garden, West Garden, East Garden, Dunren hall, Lufu Hall, Qingyun hall, Yingfu hall, Yanggao hall, Shangde hall, dafudi hall, Diji hall, etc.
Traditional Folk Customs
Ancestor worship is an important ritual activity in Huizhou. The most important one is ancestral worship. Ancestral sacrifice is a kind of sacrificial activity carried out in the ancestral hall. It is a kind of sacrificial activity held together with the clan members. Generally, the patriarch or the son of the clan is the chief one. The head of a clan is assumed by a person who is middle-aged and senior, has children and grandchildren, and is highly respected.
Culture of Huizhou Merchants
Huizhou, the earliest place where clustered merchants gathered in China, is also the birthplace of ancient Chinese business culture. In the Ming and Qing Dynasties, ancient Huizhou (Wuyuan, Qimen, Yixian, Xiuning, Shexian and Jixi counties under the Huizhou government) were mostly engaged in business, which were called "Huizhou merchants" and "Huibang" at that time, which played an important role in China's economic history.
Starting from Huangshan:Take the bus from Huangshan bus station to Yixian County, then take the shuttle bus to Xidi Village after arriving in Yixian County.
Starting from Hongcun:You can take the Hongcun-Tunxi tourist bus line and drop off at Xidi.
Starting from Tunxi;You can take No.1 tourist bus to Hongcun, and through Xidi village. It takes about an hour to reach Xidi Village from Tunxi.
Best time to visit: March,April,October and early November
Address: Xidi Village, Yi County, Huangshan, Anhui Province
Opening Hours: 7:30am–5:30pm
Admission Fee: CNY 104 (17 USD)
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